In this article on the murder of Claudia Lawrence, Tim Hicks and Chris Clark assert that the murder of Claudia Lawrence is still solvable and pose the key question: What needs to be done now to find her murderer?
They also reveal information arising from an NYE appeal for information that has never before been revealed.
The Claudia Lawrence Investigation: Where Now?
by TIM HICKS & CHRIS CLARK
In March 2009, York chef Claudia Lawrence disappeared. North Yorkshire Police immediately realised that she had been abducted and commenced a major investigation, under the code names Operation Cabin from the 20th of March 2019 until 2010 and then Operation Essence which from the autumn of 2013 until the 10th of January 2017. Unfortunately it was unsuccessful. No-one was prosecuted for her murder, nor was her body recovered.
The explanation given by NYP for its failure to arrest Claudia’s killer was that witnesses did not come forward, some people lied to the Police and the investigation was distracted by media attention. The authors assert that this is a smokescreen by NYP to divert attention away from the inescapable conclusion that its investigation was bungled in many aspects. This has been covered in the NYE in four articles which constitute the only impartial, comprehensive analysis of the failure of the investigation available to the public.
During the course of the Claudia Lawrence investigation, six men were arrested. All six men have been released from Police bail. None of them was remanded in custody or charged with any offence.
Files on four of these men were sent to the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) which declined to charge them with murder. It appears to the authors that, as with the first two arrests, some or all of the four men are innocent of any participation in the murder of Claudia Lawrence and are also victims of the investigation.
Whilst arresting them gave an illusion of progress, it nevertheless ruined the lives of the arrested men, which alienated local people. This resulted in a lack of confidence locally and an understandable reluctance to come forward with information, for fear of arrest and harassment by the police and police orchestrated press intrusion.
Refusal by North Yorkshire Police to pursue all lines of enquiry
The Claudia Lawrence investigation was always going to be complex and difficult to resolve, whether it was a stranger killing, or the murderer was known to Claudia.
It is impossible to assess the possibility of a successful outcome to this investigation if it had been led from the beginning by a top class detective of the calibre of Detective Superintendent Leonard Read, Detective Superintendent Stephen Fulcher, Detective Chief Superintendent Bob Booth, DCI Colin Sutton, DCI Clive Driscoll Deputy Chief Constable John Stalker, Detective Chief Superintendent Chris Gregg, Chief Constable Keith Hellawell or Lieutenant Joe Kenda.
However, it may still be solvable, even though the possibility of a successful outcome has been made more remote by the failings of the NYP investigations.
The arrest of serial killer Christopher Halliwell in 2011, revealed him to be a very credible suspect. However, the decision in 2009 to rule out a stranger, or a man that was not from her circle of friends but whom Claudia recognised, led to the police ignoring information that would lead the investigation down this major line of enquiry. Halliwell was not therefore investigated as a suspect impartially.
Even now, Halliwell has not been eliminated as a suspect. To quote Claudia’s brave mother Joan:
“I still don’t feel the police have investigated the link between Claudia’s disappearance and Christopher Halliwell. Something has always bothered me about Halliwell and leaves me feeling very uneasy. The police may not have proved he had anything to do with my daughter’s disappearance, but they haven’t disproved it either”.
The NYE has run several appeals for information on Halliwell and this has produced information on Halliwell that could be of help to the Claudia Lawrence investigation. The authors tried to pass this on to the NYP investigation. See the email below to Chief Constable Winward.
From: Timothy Hicks
Sent: 26 August 2021 19:21
To: Executive Support
Subject: FAO Detective Superintendent Wayne Fox
Dear Detective Superintendent Fox,
Murder of Claudia Lawrence
I am a journalist writing for the North Yorks Enquirer (NYE). I have been following the Claudia Lawrence investigation and have run several appeals for information on Christopher Halliwell in the NYE.
I have had access to a sighting report of Christopher Halliwell in the Car Park at the Kilburn White Horse on the North York Moors. I think this could be important to your investigation.
Please can you let me know when I can call you or one of your detectives by conference call to discuss this information.
I thank you in anticipation of your assistance in this request and look forward to hearing from you.
NUJ Membership no WO15306
The Senior Investigating Officer (SIO) on the case Detective Superintendent Fox failed to respond. This is in accordance with Chief Constable Winward’s media policy of not engaging with local media that criticises her force.
Detective Superintendent Wayne Fox
Did not follow up on information generated by local media or pursue all lines of enquiry.
The information the authors wished to pass on is that we have a positive identification of Christopher Halliwell in a mini-cab in the car park at the Kilburn White Horse on the North York Moors.
The wider implications of this for North Yorkshire Police, which were ignored by Detective Superintendent Fox, are profound. This information confirms that:
- Halliwell was operating in North Yorkshire.
- Halliwell was moonlighting as a minicab driver in North Yorkshire, away from his normal work area in Swindon. This gave him the opportunity to pick up women late at night in York, which is twenty eight miles away from the Kilburn White Horse.
- A witness has come forward confirming that Halliwell tried to entice her into his car at 06.00amin the morning after she finished her shift at Rowntree’s in York. This independently corroborates the witness at the Kilburn White Horse that Halliwell was trying to pick up women, while posing as a local minicab driver.
- The York sighting was two weeks before Claudia’s disappearance. This confirms Halliwell was trying to abduct women in York at about the same time as Claudia is thought to have gone missing.
All of this should put him firmly in the frame for the abduction of Claudia Lawrence.
However, the key information missed by North Yorkshire Police and not revealed before is a deduction by the authors.
Halliwell exploited police force boundaries. Both of his known victims were abducted and murdered in the Wiltshire Police force area. But he deposited most of the body of Miss Becky Godden-Edwards in the Gloucestershire Police force area. The body of his last victim Miss Sian O’Callaghan was concealed in a pre-selected location at the White Horse at Uffington, Oxfordshire, in the Thames Valley Police force area.
This begs the question: What was Halliwell doing at the White Horse at Kilburn on the North York Moors?
We know that Halliwell was attracted to areas of outstanding natural beauty, that he took trophies from his victims and stored them at a trophy store; then obtained perverse sexual gratification by regularly visiting the trophy store and deposition sites.
The conclusion must be that like the White Horse at Uffington, the White Horse at Kilburn on the North York Moors could be the location of a body or a trophy store.
Yet this has never been examined. Nor has the area been searched by North Yorkshire Police with a cadaver dog.
This is because NYP is resolutely ignoring the mounting fresh evidence that Christopher Halliwell should be considered as a suspect in the murder of Claudia Lawrence.
This leads to additional concerns:
- Because Halliwell deposited bodies in a different force area to the one he abducted the victim in, the authors believe that if there is a body buried at the Kilburn White Horse, it is a victim abducted from a neighbouring force. The fact that Halliwell was operating in North Yorkshire should have been passed to other forces, but it appears was not.
- Halliwell may have been involved in other crimes in North Yorkshire unrelated to the murder of Claudia Lawrence. However, this line of enquiry also seems to have been ignored. Is it possible that there is a woman from North Yorkshire listed as “missing”, or –like Becky Godden Edwards- who has not even been reported as missing, who is one of Halliwell’s unknown victims?
- Halliwell has not been indicated as a suspect in the Claudia Lawrence murder by the Wiltshire Police antecedent investigation into his offending. (See below). Although it is now clear that he was operating in North Yorkshire and Wiltshire Police should have detected this, and alerted North Yorkshire Police.
Failure of the Wiltshire Police antecedent investigation
An antecedent investigation reviews the life of a prolific offender and identifies his movements. It then ties the geographical location he is known to be active in at any particular time to crimes that fit his modus operandi at that time and location.
Detective Inspector Mike Rees (Retired), former Detective Superintendent Stephen Fulcher who arrested Halliwell and Detective Superintendent Sean Memory (Retired) who succeeded Fulcher as the Senior Investigating Officer into Halliwell’s crimes have stated that they believe that Halliwell has other victims. This is an entirely logical deduction.
There were sixty items of women’s clothing found in his trophy stash at Ramsbury and a pair of knickers found in his garage at home did not belong to his wife or either of his daughters. Halliwell murdered Becky Godden-Edwards and Sian O’Callaghan in his car. Between 1987 and his arrest in 2011 Halliwell had eighty vehicles. The implication being that he was disposing of vehicles regularly because they had been involved in a serious crime.
Yet there has never been a rigorous antecedent investigation into Christopher Halliwell to identify what other crimes he committed. The Wiltshire Police antecedent investigation to identify his full range of offending was given the ridiculously small budget of £40,000, thereby ensuring it would be superficial and would inevitably fail.
As a consequence, Halliwell has never been convicted of another murder or even named as the prime suspect in one.
This is very convenient for Chief Constables everywhere.
In the author’s opinion, Halliwell was murdering women across the country with impunity, completely unnoticed by the police from about 1982 onwards. This is covered very well in this Daily Mirror article quoting Chris on his new book “The New Millennium Serial Killer”. It is the only impartial, credible, antecedent investigation into Christopher Halliwell ever conducted and which details thirty one murders and missing women the authors believe are some of Halliwell’s other victims.
The total failure of the Wiltshire Police antecedent investigation conveniently allows the British police service to evade the huge wave of criticism that would follow, if this truth was to emerge.
Where now for the Claudia Lawrence investigation?
In this documentary, retired Detective Chief Inspector Colin Sutton – the man who caught serial killer Levi Bellfield – asserts that North Yorkshire Police was too small a force to have enough experienced senior detectives to handle an investigation of this size and complexity.
The authors agree with DCI Sutton’s assessment.
The failure of the NYP investigation into the murder of Claudia Lawrence and the related failure of the Wiltshire Police antecedent investigation into Christopher Halliwell are interdependent. Neither investigation has had rigorous external scrutiny from a capable and impartial officer of the calibre of Sir Lawrence Byford or Chief Constable Keith Hellawell.
Both authors believe the murder of Claudia Lawrence is solvable. However, the only way forward for the investigation is an impartial review, conducted by a senior detective from Scotland Yard into both failures, to:
- Identify lines of enquiry that were ignored or not followed up properly by NYP.
- Consider Halliwell as a suspect and settle the issue of his involvement in his murder.
- Clarify the status of the six men arrested by North Yorkshire Police, who have had their lives destroyed as a result.
- Identify the other crimes Halliwell may have committed.
Unfortunately, NYP guards its reputation jealously. I do not believe it will never submit to a review which will inevitably expose the mistakes in its investigation into one of the most high profile murder mysteries in the UK in recent years. The Chief Constable of Wiltshire Police will no doubt take a similar view over his force’s hopelessly inadequate antecedent investigation.
So an impartial review into Halliwell and the Claudia Lawrence investigation is not going to happen. The observations by the authors in the above articles and the book will have to suffice.
That is a shame because the authors believe there are valuable lessons to be learned for the police service from the failure of the Claudia Lawrence investigation. They also believe the case remains solvable.
The NYE will continue to press Chief Constable Winward as hard as it can, to openly investigate Halliwell as a suspect and to cooperate normally with the media. We will also continue to report back to our readers on this case.
The case for Halliwell.
NYE Appeal for Information
Whenever the authors run an article on a cold case, the NYE always runs an appeal for information, to try to keep the case in the public eye and generate information. The authors will finish with their usual appeal for information:
Christopher Halliwell had a slim athletic build and spoke with a slight Swindon accent. He is pictured in the lead illustration in 2011, two years after the murder of Claudia Lawrence. You can see and hear him in the video here.
Did he offer you a lift in his minicab?
Did you know of Christopher Halliwell’s Father Alan Keith Halliwell who is believed to have lived in Huddersfield, York, Ampleforth and/or Oswaldkirk and who previously served in the RAF?
Did you see Christopher Halliwell staying in a bed and breakfast or hotel along the A19, in Darlington, Middlesbrough, Scarborough, York or the North York Moors area?
Did you see Christopher Halliwell:
- Fishing at Scarborough?
- Fishing at Whitby?
- Fishing at Scaling Dam?
- Fishing at Sand Hutton Gravel Pits?
- Fishing at York University Lake?
- In York?
- At Ampleforth?
- At Oswaldkirk?
- At the Kilburn White Horse?
- At the Nag’s Head or the Acomb Hotel in York?
Vicky Glass and Donna Keogh
- In Middlesbrough?
- Fishing at Scaling Dam?
- Fishing along the River Tees?
- Fishing at Scarborough?
- Fishing at Whitby?
- On the North York Moors?
- In Darlington?
- Fishing along the River Tees?