The Roseberry Topping Controversy 2
by TIM HICKS
Non-Essential Journeys #19: The Roseberry Topping Controversy 2
When the COVID-19 pandemic started, the NYE realised that as a responsible media outlet, it had a duty to support the efforts of the Police and NHS to ensure public safety. As part of this, the NYE team was determined not to disseminate misleading information to the public.
The Roseberry Topping Controversy
The NYE published a letter from one of our readers that was critical of remarks made by Superintendent Walker of North Yorkshire Police (NYP) and the way NYP is applying the lockdown regulations. The relevant extract is below:
“Tim Hicks may be interested to see this:
And especially the – in my opinion – unhelpful (and threatening) quote from Supt Mike Walker of NYP (Pictured below):
“Supt Mike Walker, who is in charge of North Yorkshire Police’s Covid-19 response, said: “Those living in tier three areas are advised not to travel out of the area unless it is necessary, such as for work or education.
I realise there may be some confusion over what is deemed necessary in these circumstances, so I’d like to be clear here; it is neither necessary or acceptable to leave a tier three area and enter a lower tier area for a day trip or to visit a pub or restaurant for a meal.”
What on earth objection could there be for me (in Middlesbrough – a Tier 3 Area) walking up Roseberry Topping? Including the final two or three steps to the summit trig point which is just over the “border” in North Yorkshire (Tier 2 Area).
Should I expect to meet PC Plod on the “border” telling me I can’t take those final two or three paces?
I don’t believe Supt Walker is helping anyone – including NYP – by his threatening remarks as reported:
He warned people living in tier three areas not to “try to side-step” the tighter restrictions by visiting neighbouring tier two places for a day or night out.
The force said it would be “actively patrolling” border areas with an “increased presence”, including using its safety camera fleet, equipped with number plate recognition cameras.
[Name and address withheld at the request of the author]
Superintendent Mike Walker
Gold Commander for the North Yorkshire Police response to the COVID-19 pandemic
This criticism seemed to me to be unfair. To cut down on the spread of infections, the police have to restrict movement from high risk areas into lower risk areas. In their defencem I penned a short article in which I stated:
“Concerning the Roseberry Topping issue, the Tier 3 regulations applying in Cleveland & Redcar for physical activity like walking are: “You can continue to do unlimited exercise alone, or in an outdoor public place in groups up to 6.”
For Tier 2, applying in North Yorkshire for physical activity like walking are: “you can take part in organised sport and physical activity outdoors with any number of people.”
So, in principle, there should be no reason why our reader can’t walk to the top of Roseberry Topping (Illustrated above; the photograph is taken in North Yorkshire showing the view over Cleveland & Redcar), as our reader above points out.
ACC Walker’s remarks are very clear and refer specifically to people crossing in to North Yorkshire to carry out activities that are prohibited in Tier 3, but not prohibited in Tier 2. That is, going to the pub or “visiting neighbouring tier two places for a day or night out”. I feel sure he made them to inform the public and deter movement from Tier 3 areas into North Yorkshire.
I am unaware of any cases where anyone who is genuinely exercising and has crossed the border has been arrested or prosecuted. So it seems to me that the Police are interpreting the rules in a sensible and tolerant way in terms of the concerns our correspondent has raised.
According to this BBC article, NYP fined 14 people over four illegal house parties in Scarborough and a further three fixed penalty notices to people who visited Whitby from the Cleveland area.
This is particularly concerning given that on the 11th of November 2020 Scarborough’s infection rate was 611 per 100,000 of the population and was the second-highest in England, but that fell to 162.7 in the seven days to the 3rd of December 2020.
Chief Inspector Rachel Wood of NYP is quoted in the article as saying:
“To see people having parties and jeopardising that progress is really quite shocking.
It’s really concerning to see the number of fixed penalty notices we have had to issue this weekend, especially considering that it was only a few weeks ago that Scarborough had some of the highest infection rates in the UK.
Residents, the local authority and our policing teams have all worked so hard to get the infection rates down.
I realise people want to get their lives back to normal and want to see friends and family – we all do.
“However, if we all rush out and ignore the regulations, we are going to end up back at square one.”
Chief Inspector Wood emphasised that people should not “not gather indoors with anyone who is not from your own household”.
I am grateful to one of our correspondent for bringing these matters to my attention. He posed the question “How can penalty notices be handed out, if the travel guidance is only guidance (which it is)?”
I prefer to leave that one to the lawyers to resolve.
This article has proven to be controversial, because one of our readers Mr Heinrik Porzel banged off a letter to the editor in rebuttal of my remarks, which can be read here.
Heinrik’s letter was articulate and well argued, so I think it appropriate to comment further. I have been concerned at the quality of some of the media coverage of the COVID regulations, which appeared to me to be sensationalist, inflammatory and wildly inaccurate.
The NYE is a responsible media outlet and cannot get involved in that sort of stuff, so I asked for clarification from Superintendent Walker, which is below:
Interestingly, in his response, Superintendent Walker confirms my own belief that some media coverage has been inaccurate.
Further clarification can be found from Chief Constable Winward can be read here.
On the relevant extracts from Heinrik’s letter therefore, I would comment as follows:
“The guidance to avoid travel from Tier 3 areas into Tier 2 areas is advice. It is not enforceable. As is clearly explained in the BBC article (which had no doubt been checked by its lawyers):
“While travel between tiers in England for journeys other than those deemed essential is not advised, it is not against the law, according to government guidelines“
The Government website covering Tier 3 restrictions ( https://www.gov.uk/guidance/tier-3-very-high-alert ) clearly distinguishes between “must” and “should”. A breach of those items described as “must” are enforceable with fines. Those described as “should” are guidance and are not enforceable. The travel restrictions are only guidance.
This distinction is clearly a deliberate one made by the Government. If the Government had wanted the travel guidance to be the law the Government had the power to make it law. It must have been a specific decision not to do so. This distinction isn’t trivial.
But it appears North Yorkshire Police have decided differently, or at least used the threat of doing so.”
It is clear from Superintendent Walker’s remarks quoted above and in his letter that North Yorkshire Police has not “decided differently” and is acting within the guidelines.
Tim Hicks states:
“I am unaware of any cases where anyone who is genuinely exercising and has crossed the border has been arrested or prosecuted. So it seems to me that the police are interpreting the rules in a sensible and tolerant way in terms of the concerns our correspondent has raised.”
It is not the role of North Yorkshire Police to arrest or prosecute actions which breach no law. And it is misguided for Tim Hicks to suggest North Yorkshire Police are letting people off by concession when they have broken no law.
That is totally unacceptable in a democratically governed country.
The arrogant approach of North Yorkshire Police, if correctly reported, undermines the rule of law. This is not a trivial issue.
If this were true, then I agree it would not be a trivial issue. In the article, I made the point that exercise is allowed in both Tiers and I remain unaware of any occasion when North Yorkshire Police have enforced the regulations incorrectly or indeed attempted to enforce the guidance. I have not suggested that the Police is declining to prosecute as a concession.
So I can find no substantive basis to Heinrik’s concerns.
Which leads on to the quoted comments of Supt Mike Walker of North Yorkshire Police:
“Those living in tier three areas are advised not to travel out of the area unless it is necessary, such as for work or education. I realise there may be some confusion over what is deemed necessary in these circumstances, so I’d like to be clear here; it is neither necessary or acceptable to leave a tier three area and enter a lower tier area for a day trip or to visit a pub or restaurant for a meal.“
The first sentence is unobjectionable. The second sentence is threatening and implies it is a police decision on what is necessary.
The statement by Supt Mike Walker clearly includes someone from Tier 3 who decides to drive to the North York Moors for a day’s walking over the moors. Or even to Sandsend for a walk on the beach to take the sea air.
Driving from Tier 3 to go walking is obviously unnecessary because there are plenty of areas in Tier 3 you can go walking. However, the statement by Supt Mike Walker clearly does not include someone indulging in this activity because it is permitted in both Tiers. Essentially the same point I made in my article about Roseberry Topping.
Leaving Tier 3 to visit a pub in Tier 2 for a meal is a breach. This BBC article and this statement by North Yorkshire Police give multiple examples of people travelling from Tier 3 to drink in a pub in a Tier 2 area and being fined for it.
I’d also like to draw the attention of readers to this news report (https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-york-north-yorkshire-55227317) which includes at the end:
“The force said it also handed out three fixed penalty notices over the weekend to people who visited Whitby from the Cleveland area, breaching their tier three restrictions.“
On what legal basis were these Fixed Penalty Notices issued? What law was being broken by visitors to Whitby who had travelled from Cleveland? Unless the penalty notices were for some offence other than simply a visit to Whitby.
It isn’t the role of North Yorkshire Police to treat as an offence something which isn’t an offence, and issue threats and fines for a breach of something which isn’t the law.
It appears to me anyone paying such a fine has been cheated. Could that be a fraud committed by North Yorkshire Police?”
If someone has travelled to a Tier 2 area from a Tier 3 area and breached the Tier 3 restrictions that remain upon them while they were in in Tier 2 then they are committing an offence and North Yorkshire Police are within the law to prosecute them. So again, I can find no substantive basis to Heinrik’s concerns and it seems to me that there is no basis to allege fraud.
However, time will tell and we will only know when these issues come before the courts.
The NYE will continue to support the efforts of the NHS and North Yorkshire Police to protect the public by:
- Promulgating police information on the lockdown rules (see below).
- Promulgating appeals for donors who have recovered from COVID 19 from the NHS Blood and Transplant service. Example here.
- Making clear its support for the efforts of Superintendent Mike Walker -Gold Commander for North Yorkshire Police (NYP) response to the pandemic- and his officers to protect the public.
- Ridiculing North Yorkshire Police Chief Officers for breaching the Coronavirus Lockdown Regulations by undertaking unnecessary visits to police stations. To deter them from this irresponsible behaviour, thereby preventing them from spreading the infection across multiple police stations and infecting police officers.
- Highlighting cases of prominent figures that breach the lockdown to raise awareness and try to encourage leadership by example.
- Promulgating cases of successful police operations against those that transgress the lockdown regulations, to try and deter members of the public from endangering everyone’s safety by indulging in unnecessary journeys and social gatherings.
The Lockdown Rules
You can access the Lockdown Rules using the links provided by NYP below.
In this context, to deter people from breaching the lockdown rules, if you become aware of a public figure or police officer breaching the lockdown rules, please photograph or video them using your mobile ‘phone and inform the NYE using the email@example.com e mail.
Right of Reply
If you are mentioned in this article and do not agree with the views expressed in it, or if you wish to correct any factual inaccuracy, please let me know using the firstname.lastname@example.org e mail address and your views and a correction will be published if appropriate.